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Wounds, Maims, Disfigures


“An injury to the body of a person or animal, especially one caused by violence, by which the continuity of the covering, as skin, mucous membrane or conjunctiva is broken.”

–          Black’s Law Dictionary

There must be breaking of the skin

–          R. v Hostetter (1902) Not currently available online

–          R. v Littletent (1985) Court of Appeal  – Alberta  – Available on CanLII


“To inflict upon a person any injury which deprives him of the use of any limb or member of his body, or renders him lame or defective in bodily vigour.”

–          Black’s Law Dictionary


“That which impairs or injures the beauty, symmetry, or appearance of a person or thing.”

–          Black’s Law Dictionary